Day 1: Sharm El Sheikh/ Giza Pyramids Tours
In the early morning representative will pick you up from your hotel in Sharm El-Sheikh and transfer you to Sharm International Airport for taking the flight to Cairo, where you will be met and accompanied by our tour guide to visit Sakkara, which was the royal necropolis for the old kingdom Capital of Memphis covering an area of 7 km north to south & we can see from the outside the centerpiece of the necropolis which is the Step Pyramid of Djoser 2630 BC. It was the prototype for all other pyramids and it was the world’s oldest major stone structure. We also can visit inside part of the Pyramid of Teti 2345 BC, its walls are inscribed with sections of pyramid texts. Nearby, we visit the tomb Mastaba of his vizier kagemni 32m x 32m square, with its outstanding reliefs that provide an insight into their daily lives.
Move on to Memphis, visiting the colossal statue of Ramses II and nearby a still half-buried Hathor temple. Continue driving to the Giza Plateau .Where we explore the remarkable Pyramids of Cheops 2590 BC , Chephren & Mykerinus. Those served as the tombs for their dead kings & are the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world to survive. For preservation purposes, one of the pyramids is closed for a spell on a rotating basis. Early morning is the best time to visit, before the heat and crowds. It can get very hot and less air inside the pyramid so clambering inside is not recommended for claustrophobic or the unfit.
The ticket includes seeing the pyramids from outside, the panorama, the Great Sphinx, which stands guard over the pyramids and the Valley Temple of Chephren. Extra tickets to the entry of any one of them and to the Solar Boat Museum on the south side of the great pyramid. Then proceed to visit the Great sphinx, which dates back to the time of Chephren & to visit his valley temple. Later you will be transferred to your hotel for free time at leisure. Overnight in Cairo.
Day 2: Cairo Sightseeing Tours back to Sharm El Sheikh
Enjoy your breakfast. Then , we head to the Egyptian Museum, Egypt’s first National Museum of Pharaonic antiquities opened in 1902. The collection is considered the largest most precious collection of Egyptian art in the world. More than 120,000 items are on display here, with another 150,000 stored in The basement. Pride of the collection are the treasures from Tutankhamen’s Tomb and great pieces from Every period of ancient Egyptian history from 3100 BC, Through to the Greek-Roman items of the 2nd century AD.
Some of these items shall be transferred to the new Grand Museum at Giza that due to open soon in 2020. Additional visit to the Mummies Hall at the museum (extra ticket on spot).
Then, we proceed to the Citadel of Salah El-Din, founded in 1176 by the famed muslim commander Salah El-Din. Its mosques, museums and battlements reflect a diverse heritage. Its main tourist area is the Mosque of Mohammed Ali pasha, it was built in a Turkish Style between 1830 and 1848.
Then , we move to old suburb of Coptic Cairo that contains many historic churches near the island of Rhoda the site of the Nilometer, which has been used to measure the height of the River Nile since Pharaonic times. Within the complex we will visit the Hanging Church of the 11th century AD, that was built on top of the water gate of the old Roman fortress of Babylon. It is Located between two round roman towers, against which the Nile River once lapped before it shifted course.
Then, we see Abu Serga church, where the Holy Family sheltered in a cave as crypt during their Flight Into Egypt , it is the oldest existing structure within the fortress with foundations dating back to the 5th Century AD.
Finally, we see Ben Ezra Synagogue, the oldest in Egypt. According to local folklore, it is located on the site where baby Moses was found. Most of its Hebrew, Aramaic, Judeo & Arabic sacred manuscripts, numbered 300,000 fragments are now dispersed among a number of libraries like Cambridge University and University of Manchester.
Finally you will be transferred to Cairo International Airport to fly back to Sharm El Sheikh then transfer back to your hotel in Sharm. Overnight in Sharm El Shiekh.
Entrance fees to the mentioned historical sites
Lunch meals during the day tours
Any extras not mentioned in the program.
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